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In an age of smart technology, big data, and the concomitant threat of a surveillance society, how do we understand the citizen's right to the city and how that right is manifested?

Led by an interdisciplinary group of scholars, the City as Platform analyzes smart city urban design usingthe methods of critical data analytics and ethnographic fieldwork across the three research cities, London, UK; New York, US; and Toronto, CA.

Key to a transformation from techno-centric to human-centered design, City as Platform locates three stakeholders: municipal, industry, and civic actors.


1. Conduct environmental scans of data policy & practices

2. Assess smart technology infrastructures

3. Execute fieldwork with smart city stakeholders

4. Model equitable, accessible, and generative futures for smart cities